Saudah Bint Zam'a|
(311 total words in this text)
Alharamain Islamic Foundation
Just as Muhammad married Khadijah through an initiative on her part, likewise, after her death, Saudah was married to him through the efforts of some of his friends. Saudah was one of the earliest converts to Islam and had suffered much since she embraced Islam. She had migrated to Abyssinia with her husband, who died there.
Muhammad was worried after the death of Khadijah, as he was going on a mission to al-Ta'if and there was no one to look after the small children, Khaulah bint Hakim suggested to him that he needed some affectionate and sincere companion who could also look after his children. She proposed Saudah, who was also in need of help. She was about fifty years old when she was married to Muhammad in 2 A. H./620 A. D. Marriage was solemnized by her father, and four hundred dirham dowry (mahr) was paid to her by Muhammad. (Tabaqat Ibn Sa'd). All scholars of Seerah are of the opinion that the Prophet married Saudah after the death of Khadijah and before he married A'isha. (Tabari).
She was very obedient and dutiful and, in this respect, she surpassed all the other wives of the Prophet. She was also very generous, like the Prophet, and more so than any of his wives except A'isha. Her generosity is shown by an incident which happened in the caliphate of 'Umar. He sent one sack full of dirhams to her but she distributed it as soon as she received it. When she became very old, she gave her turn (of a visit of the Prophet) to A'isha. A'isha reported that Saudah bint Zam'a gave up her turn to her, and so the Prophet used to give A'isha both her day and the day of Saudah. (Bukhari and Muslim). She died in the last year of 'Umar's caliphate. (about 23 A.H.)'