What constitutes the beard?
Posted 09 November 2008 - 08:09 PM
I wanted to know what constitutes the beard (in that it cannot be removed or trimmed). Specifically, is the hair that grows from the neck included, or only from the chin?
BarakAllahu Feeki sis.
Posted 10 November 2008 - 07:04 PM
A manly question..lol. Anyway, here's one fatwa, will look for more inshaAllah:
is there any recommended length of the beard traceable from Prophet Muhammad SAAW
Praise be to Allaah.
There is no recommended or specified length of the beard, because nothing to that effect has been narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). What has been reported is that the beard should be left as it is.
Muslim (2344) reported that Jaabir ibn Samurah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to have a very hairy beard.”
An-Nisaa’ (5232) reported from al-Baraa’ that he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had a thick beard; according to another report, he had a bushy beard; according to another report, he had a wide beard.
Some scholars permit cutting the hair of the beard that exceeds the amount that may be grasped in the fist, because Ibn ‘Umar did this; but most of the scholars regard this as makrooh, which is more apparent because of the reports referred to above.
Al-Nawawi said: the best is to leave it as it is and not touch it or shorten it at all. (Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 8/39).
- As for the hadeeth, “He used to reduce the length and width (of his beard)” – this is a false and fabricated hadeeth.
See al-‘Ilal al-Mutanaahiyah by Ibn al-Jawzi, 2/686
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah (Muhammad) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allaah and the Last Day…” [al-Ahzaab 33:21]
“And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad) gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it).” [al-Hashr 59:7]
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah preserve him) said: The definition of the beard as stated by the scholars of (Arabic) language is: the hair of the face, jawbone and cheeks, in the sense that all the hair on the cheeks, jawbone and chin is part of the beard and removing any of it is counted as a sin, because the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Let your beards grow,” “Leave your beards alone,” “Let your beards increase,” “Let your beards be full.” This indicates that it is not permissible to remove anything from the beard. But the sin may vary in degree – shaving the beard is worse than shortening it, because it is a more obvious contradiction of the Sunnah.
For more information, see Question # 1189.
And Allaah knows best
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Posted 10 November 2008 - 07:08 PM
Is a man allowed to shave the hair that is on the neck right below the ear lobe, to make the beard not stick out so much .
Praise be to Allaah.
The beard is the hair that grows on the cheeks and chin.
Ibn Manzoor said quoting from Ibn Sayyidih:
Lihyah (beard) includes the hair that grows on the cheeks and the chin.
Lisaan al-‘Arab, 15/243
The hair that grows on the bones that are level with the channel of the ear – the cheekbones – is part of the beard and it is not permissible to pluck it or shave it.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about what is meant by the beard. He replied:
The extent of the beard is from the cheekbones, level with the channel of the ears, until the bottom of the face. It includes the hair that grows on the cheeks.
It says in al-Qaamoos al-Muheet (p. 387): Lihyah (beard) is the hair of the cheeks and chin.
Based on this, the one who says that the hair that grows on the cheeks is not part of the beard must bring proof of that.
Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 11/question no. 49
He (may Allaah have mercy on him) was also asked: Are the cheeks part of the beard?
He replied: Yes, the cheeks are part of the beard, because this is what is implied by the language in which sharee’ah came. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’aan in order that you may understand”
“He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, reciting to them His Verses, purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism), and teaching them the Book (this Qur’aan, Islamic laws and Islamic jurisprudence) and Al‑Hikmah (As‑Sunnah)”
Hence it is known that the meanings brought in the Qur’aan and Sunnah are the meanings indicated by the Arabic language, but if there is a particular shar’i meaning it should be interpreted in that manner. For example, salaah in Arabic means supplication (as in du’aa’), but in shar’i terminology it refers to the specific, well known act of worship (prayer), so when it is mentioned in the Qur’aan and Sunnah, it is to be understood in the shar’i sense, unless there is any indication to the contrary.
Based on this, Islam does not ascribe any particular shar’i meaning to the word lihyah (beard), so it is to be understood in its linguistic sense, and in Arabic it refers to the hair that grows on the cheeks and chin, from the cheekbone that is level with the channel of the ears to the jawbone.
It says in al-Qamoos: Lihyah (beard) is the hair of the cheeks and chin. Similarly it also says in Fath al-Baari, p. 35; vol. 10, al-Salafiyyah edition: It is a name for that which grows on the cheeks and chin.
Thus it is clear that the cheeks are part of the beard, and the believer must be patient in obeying Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), even if it is strange among his own race or people. Glad tidings to the strangers.
It should be noted that truth is weighed according to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him); it is not weighed according to what people do that goes against the Qur’aan and Sunnah. We ask Allaah to make us and our Muslim brothers steadfast in adhering to the truth.
Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 11/question no 50.
As for the hair that grows on the neck, it is not part of the beard. Imam Ahmad (may Allaah have mercy on him) stated that there is nothing wrong with removing hair that is beneath the pharynx, as it says in al-Insaaf (1/250), because it is not part of the beard.
Shaykh Muhammad al-Safareeni said:
The reliable point of view, as it says in al-Iqnaa’ and elsewhere, is that it is not makrooh to remove hair that is beneath the pharynx.
Ghidha’ al-Albaab Sharh Manzoomat al-Adaab, 1/433
See also question no. 9037
And Allaah knows best.
Posted 11 November 2008 - 04:51 PM
JazakhiAllahu Khayran sis!
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